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White House Fact Sheet on the National Drug Control Strategy

September 05, 1989

The National Drug Control Strategy describes a coordinated and comprehensive plan of attack involving all basic antidrug initiatives and agencies. The strategy recommends the largest dollar increase in the history of the drug war: nearly $2.2 billion, 39 percent above the fiscal 1989 level. Throughout, the strategy emphasizes the principle of user accountability -- in law enforcement efforts focused on individual users; in decisions regarding sentencing and parole; in school, college, and university policies regarding the use of drugs by students and employees; in the workplace; and in treatment.

The strategy also calls for increased efforts in cocaine source countries and a more active international campaign by the United States to engage other nations in the fight against drugs. Interdiction efforts will be better targeted on key individuals in the drug organizations and on high-value shipments.

Another major priority is increasing the capacity of the drug treatment system and making it more accountable for results. Significant emphasis is also given to providing increased support for prevention and education efforts aimed at helping young people and others resist and reject drugs.

The strategy embodies the following elements:

Expand the criminal justice system

provide funds for larger police forces and increased numbers of jails, prosecutors, and courts;

develop alternatives for incarceration, such as boot camps to free up jail and prison space;

require drug testing of prisoners, parolees, and arrestees.

Hold users, whether casual or heavy users, accountable for their actions

Undertake a vigorous program to eradicate domestically grown marijuana

Mobilize communities in the war on drugs

emphasize community-level prevention of drug use before it starts;

require schools and colleges to implement firm drug-free policies in order to receive Federal funds;

clean up and secure public housing.

Expand drug-free workplace policies

promote drug-free workplace policies in the private sector;

recommend testing for job applicants and employers in safety and sensitive positions;

aggressively implement Executive Order 12564 to assure drug-free workplace plans and policies within the Federal government.

Expand treatment and target services to improve the number of individuals served and the effectiveness of treatment

hold federally funded treatment programs accountable for their effectiveness by establishing performance criteria;

require drug testing in treatment programs receiving Federal funds;

explore expanded use of "civil commitment" whereby addicts are sent by the courts to residential treatment facilities;

improve drug treatment services for pregnant women.

Place heavier emphasis on targeted international efforts closer to production and trafficking sources

elevate the drug issue as a foreign policy priority;

dismantle drug trafficking organizations;

reduce trafficking profits by focusing increased efforts on money laundering.

Take a fresh approach to interdiction

create interagency and interdisciplinary teams to analyze and target smuggling modes, methods, and routes;

target key individuals and high-value shipments;

enhance border interdiction systems, operations, and activities.

Improve the quality of research, information, and technological capabilities available for drug control efforts

establish a Federal Drug Control Research and Development Committee;

develop a more current and flexible information base.

Improve coordination of Federal antidrug policy and intelligence support

establish interagency working groups chaired by the Office of National Drug Control Policy to coordinate supply and demand reduction efforts;

establish an interagency working group chaired by the Office of National Drug Control Policy to develop plans for an intelligence center to unite U.S. drug-related analytical capabilities, and to improve intelligence capabilities.

Recommend a $2.2 billion increase in drug funding to $7.9 billion in

(TABLE START)1990. The major changes over 1989 are shown on the following chart:


[Budget authority (dollars in millions)]


@h1FY1989 Enacted

@h1Feb 9 Budget FY1990 1

@h1Feb 9 Budget Plus Drug Portion of Crime Bill 2

@h1Drug Strategy September FY1990 2

@h1FY89 - FY90 Percent Increase

@h1FY89 - FY90 $ Increase

Corrections .... 734 .... 894 .... 1,601 .... 1,601 .... 118 .... 867

International .... 250 .... 306 .... 306 .... 449 .... 80 .... 199

State and Local Grants .... 150 .... 150 .... 156 .... 350 .... 133 .... 200

Judiciary .... 209 .... 242 .... 250 .... 250 .... 20 .... 41

Other Law Enforcement .... 2,779 .... 3,018 .... 3,058 .... 3,113 .... 12 .... 334

Prevention/Education .... 943 .... 1,041 .... 1,041 .... 1,176 .... 25 .... 233

Treatment .... 604 .... 735 .... 735 .... 925 .... 53 .... 321@rn,s

Total .... 5,669 .... 6,386 .... 7,147 .... 7,864 .... 39 .... 2,195


Note: The drug portion of prison construction is based on the projected share of drug offenders in Federal prison at the time the construction is completed. This new methodology reflects more accurately the likely impact of drug offenses. For consistency with prior years, the historical prison construction numbers have been adjusted to reflect this new methodology.


George Bush, White House Fact Sheet on the National Drug Control Strategy Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project

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