Herbert Hoover photo

The President's News Conference

May 12, 1931

SURGEON GENERAL

THE PRESIDENT. I have appointed Mr. Robert U. Patterson to the rank of major general, to be head of the Medical Corps in succession to General [Merritte Weber] Ireland, Surgeon General of the Army. Major Patterson's career is set out in great detail here for your use.

ARMY POSTS

About a month ago I asked the General Staff to make a renewed study of the whole question of Army posts from the point of view of gaining the maximum efficiency through the concentration of the Army, and the secondary purpose of economy in the War Department. The Staff has insisted for great numbers of years that the Army must be more largely concentrated if it is to be the most effective body, and it becomes even more necessary now in view of the very large mechanization of the Army and the number of subsidiary mechanical services, such as aviation, and so on.

We have actually abandoned 13 posts during the past 2 years. They will probably report 20 or 30 more posts That should be abandoned if we are to have the most effective Army and if we are to accomplish some very considerable economies.

Now, I have appointed a committee 1 representing the Army, the Department of Justice, the Department of Agriculture, and the [p.245] Veterans' Bureau to study these proposed abandonments and see which of them could be used by other departments of the Government with view to economies in those departments in saving construction and location in the necessary expansions in their work. And there are some of these posts that might be of very great value to the States for institutional purposes--educational or otherwise. It would relieve the feeling of deprivation of the local communities if these posts could be substituted for public purposes. So that we are endeavoring to work out the program in such a fashion as to create as little hardship as possible.

1 The committee, to study future disposition of abandoned posts, consisted of: Brig. Gen. Robert E. Callan, War Department General Staff; Sanford Bates, Department of Justice; A. F. Woods, Department of Agriculture; and Louis H. Tripp, Veterans' Admisistration. By September 1931, it had inspected 53 posts scheduled for abandonment and recommended the transfer of 9 of them to other departments.

DROUGHT LOANS

One other item--I have a report from the Secretary of Agriculture this morning showing that out of the $67 millions appropriated for drought loans in one form or another, $47 million has been loaned to 380,000 different persons, and that probably consummates the total program.

Of the $10 million allocated to assist agricultural credit corporations, only $471,000 has been called for.

Of the $45 million appropriated for seed and fertilizer purposes, 39 million has been loaned.

Of the 10 millions allocated for agricultural rehabilitation, about $5,140,000 has been loaned.

And of the 2 millions which was reappropriated from a former fund applicable to the Southeastern States, about 1½ million have been loaned.

In a few minutes we will give you a mimeographed statement of not only all those points but the States to which this money has been loaned, in detail. And I think that is the whole of my budget this morning.

PUBLIC BUILDING PROJECTS

We have partially mimeographed the statement as to public buildings which I promised you. We had expected to have it for this conference, but it will probably be 2 o'clock before the mimeographers will have [p.246] it done. You will then get in detail the location of every building in the United States which has been authorized by Congress, and what stage of advancement it is now in, so that you will have some material for every State and town in the country.

As I said, you will have that at 2 or 3 o'clock, this afternoon. That is presumed to be for Wednesday morning papers.

Note: President Hoover's one hundred and ninety-second news conference was held in the White House at 12 noon on Tuesday, May 12, 1931. For the White House statement on public building projects, see Item 184.

On the same day, the White House issued the following information relating to drought loans:

AID TO AGRICULTURAL CREDIT CORPORATIONS

($10,000,000 Allocated from the Appropriations)

_______________________________________________________________________

Number of Number of

individual corporations Amount

State loans benefited loaned

______________________________________________________________________

Alabama 39 2 $38,254.17

Arkansas 64 3 65,500.00

Georgia 143 1 21,446.49

Illinois 3 1 12,000.00

Louisiana 16 1 21,000.00

Mississippi 10 1 8,500.00

Missouri 29 2 42,500.00

Montana 5 1 15,000.00

North Dakota 3 1 20,840.00

Oregon 5 1 22,500.00

South Carolina 20 1 2,930.00

Tennessee 7 3 67,500.00

Texas 19 5 75,300.00

Washington 10 1 58,000.00

Total 373 24 471,290.66

_______________________________________________________________________

SEED AND FERTILIZER LOANS

($45,000,000 Appropriated)

_______________________________________________________________________

State Number of loans Amount Approved

_______________________________________________________________________

Alabama 14,039 $2,194,875

Arkansas 51,453 7,621,471

Delaware 13 3,195

Florida 1,259 158.695

Georgia 12,738 1,915,846

Illinois 2,042 263,115

Indiana 5,572 762,835

Kansas 1,076 138,441

Kentucky 24,726 2,175,031

Louisiana 15,319 2,518,081

Maryland 480 101,914

Michigan 917 135,854.

Minnesota 187 26,780

Mississippi 21,635 3,729,767

Missouri 14,837 1,971,188

Montana 7,697 1,998,205

New Mexico 2,188 310,768

North Carolina 12,212 1,805,876

North Dakota 8,231 1,587,640

Ohio 1,300 200,590

Oklahoma 14,569 1,382,548

Oregon 4 3,225

Pennsylvania 33 7,595

South Carolina 519 86,984

South Dakota 1,798 397,805

Tennessee 16,552 1,889,583

Texas 20,090 2,536,932

Virginia ........................................... 15,715 2,101,686

Washington 725 428,185

West Virginia 5,107 493,337

Wyoming 344 68,755

Total 273,377 39,016,802

_______________________________________________________________________

AGRICULTURAL REHABILITATION LOANS

($10,000,000 appropriated)

_______________________________________________________________________

State Number of loans Amount Approved

_______________________________________________________________________

Alabama 3, 367 $176, 536

Arkansas 25, 528 1,552, 290

Georgia 175 8, 383

Illinois 86 4, 054

Indiana 367 24, 088

Kansas 17 780

Kentucky 7, 631 318, 960

Louisiana .. 9, 867 675, 083

Maryland 2 150

Mississippi 9, 569 728, 571

Missouri 2, 908 254, 746

Montana 79 8, 255

New Mexico 144 8, 899

North Carolina 2, 302 103, 938

Ohio 9 411

Oklahoma 3, 761 207, 784

Tennessee 7, 212 440, 532

Texas 8, 749 477, 216

Virginia 2, 728 138, 076

Washington 12 1,850

West Virginia 263 9, 890

Total 84,76 5,140,492

_______________________________________________________________________

REAPPROPRIATIONS OF FORMER SEED LOAN BALANCES

IN SOUTHEASTERN STATES OF $2,000,000

_______________________________________________________________________

Alabama 1,259 $220, 612

Florida 356 39,940

Georgia 3,291 426,945

North Carolina 788 121,997

South Carolina 5,621 686,417

Total 11,315 1,495,911

_______________________________________________________________________

SUMMARY

(All Loans, by States)

_______________________________________________________________________

State Number of loans Amount Approved

_______________________________________________________________________

Alabama 18,665 $2,592,023

Arkansas 76,981 9,173,761

Delaware 13 3,195

Florida 1,615 198,635

Georgia 16,204 2,351,174

Illinois 2,128 267,169

Indiana 5,939 786,923

Kansas 1,093 139,221

Kentucky 32,357 2,493,991

Louisiana 25,186 3,193,164

Maryland 482 102,064

Michigan 917 135,854

Minnesota 187 26,780

Mississippi 31,204 4,458,338

Missouri 17,745 2,225,934

Montana 7,776 2,006,460

New Mexico 2,332 319,667

North Carolina 15,302 2,031,811

North Dakota 8,231 1,587,640

Ohio 1,309 201,001

Oklahoma 18,330 1,590,332

Oregon 4 3,225

Pennsylvania 33 7,595

South Carolina 6,140 773,401

South Dakota 1,798 397,805

Tennessee 23,764 2,330,115

Texas 28,839 3,014,148

Virginia 18,443 2,239,762

Washington 737 430,035

West Virginia 5,370 503,227

Wyoming 344 68,775

Total 369,468 45,653,205

______________________________________________________________________

In addition to approved loans included in the foregoing statement, it is estimated that at least ten thousand applications which are being held in our various offices for additional information will be approved within the next few weeks. This will represent an additional expenditure of approximately $1,500,000. Thus out of a total of $67,000,000 appropriations about $47,500,000 will be required.

Herbert Hoover, The President's News Conference Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/212702

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