Herbert Hoover photo

Proclamation 1923—Exportation of Arms or Munitions of War to Brazil

October 22, 1930

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Whereas, Section I of a Joint Resolution of Congress, entitled a "Joint Resolution to Prohibit the Exportation of Arms and Munitions of War from the United States to Certain Countries, and for other Purposes", approved January 31, 1922, provides as follows:

"That whenever the President finds that in any American country, or in any country in which the United States exercises extraterritorial jurisdiction, conditions of domestic violence exist, which are or may be promoted by the use of arms or munitions of war procured from the United States, and makes proclamation thereof, it shall be unlawful to export, except under such limitations and exceptions as the President prescribes, any arms or munitions of war from any place in the United States to such country until otherwise ordered by the President or by Congress."

And Whereas, it is provided by Section II of the said Joint Resolution that "Whoever exports any arms or munitions of war in violation of Section I shall on conviction be punished by fine not exceeding $10,000, or by imprisonment not exceeding two years or both."

Now, Therefore, I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, acting under and by virtue of the authority conferred in me by the said Joint Resolution of Congress, do hereby declare and proclaim that I have found, as has been formally represented to this Government by the Government of Brazil, that there exist in Brazil such conditions of domestic violence which are or may be promoted by the use of arms or munitions of war procured from the United States as contemplated by the said Joint Resolution; and I do hereby admonish all citizens of the United States and every person to abstain from every violation of the provisions of the Joint Resolution above set forth, hereby made applicable to Brazil, and I do hereby warn them that all violations of such provisions will be rigorously prosecuted.

And I do hereby enjoin upon all officers of the United States, charged with the execution of the laws thereof, the utmost diligence in preventing violations of said Joint Resolution and this my Proclamation issued thereunder, and in bringing to trial and punishment any offenders against the same.

And I do hereby prescribe as an exception and limitation to the foregoing restrictions such exportations of arms or munitions of war as are approved by the Government of the United States for shipment to the Government of Brazil which has been recognized by the Government of the United States, and such arms and munitions for industrial or commercial uses as may from time to time be exported with the consent of the Secretary of State.

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington on this twenty-second day of October, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and thirty, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-fifth.

Signature of Herbert Hoover


By the President:


Secretary of State

Note: The embargo was instituted at the request of the Brazilian Government following allegations that American airplanes and munitions were being sold to Brazilian revolutionists. At the time, the established government of President Washington Luiz was attempting to put down a rebellion headed by Dr. Getulio Vargas, the defeated presidential candidate in the election of March 1930. Rebellion broke out on October 3, 1930, and by October 22, revolutionists controlled most of the seaboard states with the exception of Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, and Bahia. On October 24, the Brazilian army defected to the rebels and President Luiz was taken prisoner. Dr. Vargas formed a new government on November 3, precluding the installation of President-elect Julio Prestes. The United States recognized the new government on November 8.

Herbert Hoover, Proclamation 1923—Exportation of Arms or Munitions of War to Brazil Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/212093

Simple Search of Our Archives