Franklin D. Roosevelt photo

Executive Order 9469—Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to Take Possession of and Operate the Mines, Collieries, and Facilities of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company in the State of Pennsylvania

August 23, 1944

WHEREAS after investigation I find and proclaim that there is an interruption of the operation of the mines, collieries, and preparation facilities of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company in the State of Pennsylvania as a result of strikes, threatened strikes, and other labor disturbances: that the effective prosecution of the war will be unduly impeded or delayed by such interruption; and that the exercise as hereinafter specified, of the powers vested in me is necessary to insure, in the interests of the war effort, the operation of these mines, collieries, and facilities:

NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the power and authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, including section 9 of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 892) as amended by the War Labor Disputes Act (57 Stat. 163), as President of the United States and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:

1. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed to take possession of the mines, collieries, and preparation facilities of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company in the State of Pennsylvania, and of any real or personal property, and other assets, used in connection with the operation thereof; to operate or arrange for the operation of such mines, collieries, and facilities in such manner as he deems necessary for the successful prosecution of the war; and to do all things necessary for, or incidental to, the production, sale and distribution of the coal produced, prepared, or handled by the said mines, collieries, and facilities.

2. The Secretary of the Interior shall operate the said mines, collieries, and facilities in accordance with the terms and conditions of employment which are in effect at the time possession thereof is taken, subject to the provisions of section 5 of the War Labor Disputes Act. He shall provide such protection of the employees as may be necessary to maintain production, and shall take such appropriate disciplinary action, not inconsistent with law, as may be necessary to effectuate the purposes of this order.

3. In carrying out this order, the Secretary of the Interior shall act through or with the aid of such public or private instrumentalities or persons as he may designate. All Federal agencies, including but not limited to the War Manpower Commission, the National. Selective Service System, the War Department, and the Department of Justice, are directed to cooperate with the Secretary of the Interior to the fullest extent possible in carrying out the purposes of this order.

4. Possession of the mines, collieries, and facilities taken under this order shall be terminated by the Secretary of the Interior within sixty days after he determines that the productive efficiency of the mines, collieries, and facilities has been restored to that prevailing prior to the interruption of production referred to in the recitals of this order.

Signature of Franklin D. Roosevelt
FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT

THE WHITE HOUSE,
August 23, 1944.

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Executive Order 9469—Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to Take Possession of and Operate the Mines, Collieries, and Facilities of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company in the State of Pennsylvania Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/355142

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