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Executive Order 10340—Directing the Secretary of Commerce to Take Possession of and Operate the Plants and Facilities of Certain Steel Companies

April 08, 1952

WHEREAS on December 16, 1950, I proclaimed the existence of a national emergency which requires that the military, naval, air, and civilian defenses of this country be strengthened as speedily as possible to the end that we may be able to repel any and all threats against our national security and to fulfill our responsibilities in the efforts being made throughout the United Nations and otherwise to bring about a lasting peace; and

WHEREAS American fighting men and fighting men of other nations of the United Nations are now engaged in deadly combat with the forces of aggression in Korea, and forces of the United States are stationed elsewhere overseas for the purpose of participating in the defense of the Atlantic Community against aggression; and

WHEREAS the weapons and other materials needed by our armed forces and by those joined with us in the defense of the free world are produced to a great extent in this country, and steel is an indispensable component of substantially all of such weapons and materials; and

WHEREAS steel is likewise indispensable to the carrying out of programs of the Atomic Energy Commission of vital importance to our defense efforts; and

WHEREAS a continuing and uninterrupted supply of steel is also indispensable to the maintenance of the economy of the United States, upon which our military strength depends; and

WHEREAS a controversy has arisen between certain companies in the United States producing and fabricating steel and the elements thereof and certain of their workers represented by the United Steel Workers of America, CIO, regarding terms and conditions of employment; and

WHEREAS the controversy has not been settled through the processes of collective bargaining or through the efforts of the Government, including those of the Wage Stabilization Board, to which the controversy was referred on December 22, 1951, pursuant to Executive Order No. 10233, and a strike has been called for 12:01 A.M., April 9, 1952; and

WHEREAS a work stoppage would immediately jeopardize and imperil our national defense and the defense of those joined with us in resisting aggression, and would add to the continuing danger of our soldiers, sailors, and airmen engaged in combat in the field; and

WHEREAS in order to assure the continued availability of steel and steel products during the existing emergency, it is necessary that the United States take possession of and operate the plants, facilities, and other property of the said companies as hereinafter provided:

NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, and as President of the United States and Commander in Chief of the armed forces of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:

1. The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized and directed to take possession of all or such of the plants, facilities, and other property of the companies named in the list attached hereto, or any part thereof, as he may deem necessary in the interests of national defense; and to operate or to arrange for the operation thereof and to do all things necessary for, or incidental to, such operation.

2. In carrying out this order the Secretary of Commerce may act through or with the aid of such public or private instrumentalities or persons as he may designate; and all Federal agencies shall cooperate with the Secretary of Commerce to the fullest extent possible in carrying out the purposes of this order.

3. The Secretary of Commerce shall determine and prescribe terms and conditions of employment under which the plants, facilities, and other properties possession of which is taken pursuant to this order shall be operated. The Secretary of Commerce shall recognize the rights of workers to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing and to engage in concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining, adjustment of grievances, or other mutual aid or protection, provided that such activities do not interfere with the operation of such plants, facilities, and other properties.

4. Except so far as the Secretary of Commerce shall otherwise provide from time to time, the managements of the plants, facilities, and other properties possession of which is taken pursuant to this order shall continue their functions, including the collection and disbursement of funds in the usual and ordinary course of business in the names of their respective companies and by means of any instrumentalities used by such companies.

5. Except so far as the Secretary of Commerce may otherwise direct, existing rights and obligations of such companies shall remain in full force and effect, and there may be made, in due course, payments of dividends on stock, and of principal, interest, sinking funds, and all other distributions upon bonds, debentures, and other obligations, and expenditures may be made for other ordinary corporate or business purposes.

6. Whenever in the judgment of the Secretary of Commerce further possession and operation by him of any plant, facility, or other property is no longer necessary or expedient in the interest of national defense, and the Secretary has reason to believe that effective future operation is assured, he shall return the possession and operation of such plant, facility or other property to the company in possession and control thereof at the time possession was taken under this order.

7. The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to prescribe and issue such regulations and orders not inconsistent herewith as he may deem necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this order; and he may delegate and authorize subdelegation of such of his functions under this order as he may deem desirable.


American Bridge Company

525 William Penn Place

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

American Steel & Wire Company of New Jersey

Rockefeller Building

Cleveland, Ohio

Columbia Steel Company

Russ Building

San Francisco, California

Consolidated Western Steel Corporation

Los Angeles, California

Geneva Steel Company

Salt Lake City, Utah

Gerrard Steel Strapping Company

2915 West 47th Street

Chicago 32, Illinois

National Tube Company

525 William Penn Place

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Oil Well Supply Company

2001 North Lamar Street

Dallas, Texas

Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Company

Fairfield, Alabama

United States Steel Company

525 William Penn Place

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

United States Steel Corporation

71 Broadway

New York 6, New York

United States Steel Products Company

30 Rockefeller Plaza

New York, New York

United States Steel Supply Company

208 South La Salle Street

Chicago, Illinois

Virginia Bridge Company

Roanoke, Virginia

Alan Wood Steel Company and Subsidiaries

Conshohocken, Pennsylvania

American Chain and Cable Company, Incorporated

929 Connecticut Avenue

Bridgeport 2, Connecticut

American Chain and Cable Company

Monessen, Pennsylvania

Armco Steel Corporation

703 Curtis Street

Middletown, Ohio

Armco Drainage & Metal Products, Incorporated

703 Curtis Street

Middletown, Ohio

Atlantic Steel Company

P. O. Box 1714

Atlanta, Georgia

Babcock and Wilcox Tube Company

Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania

Borg-Warner Corporation

310 S. Michigan Avenue

Chicago 4, Illinois

Continental Copper and Steel Industries, Incorporated

Braeburn, Pennsylvania

Continental Steel Corporation

West Markland Avenue

Kokomo, Indiana

Copperweld Steel Company

Glassport, Pennsylvania

Detroit Steel Corporation

1025 South Oakwood Avenue

Detroit 9, Michigan

Eastern Stainless Steel Corporation

Baltimore 3, Maryland

Firth Sterling Steel and Carbide Corporation

Demmler Road

McKeesport, Pennsylvania

Follansbee Steel Corporation

3rd and Liberty Avenue

Pittsburgh 22, Pennsylvania

Granite City Steel Company

20th Street and Madison Avenue

Granite City, Illinois

Great Lakes Steel Corporation

Tecumseh Road

Ecorse, Detroit 18, Michigan

Hanna Furnace Corporation

Ecorse, Detroit 18, Michigan

Harrisburg Steel Corporation

10th and Herr Streets

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Boiardi Steel Company

Milton, Pennsylvania

Heppenstall Company

4620 Hatfield Street

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Inland Steel Company

38 S. Dearborn Street

Chicago 3, Illinois

Joseph T. Ryerson & Son, Incorporated

2558 W. 16th street

Chicago 80, Illinois

Interlake Iron Corporation

1900 Union Commerce Building

Cleveland 14, Ohio

Pacific States Steel Corporation

Lathan Square Building

Oakland 12, California

Pittsburgh Coke & Chemical Company

1905 Grant Building

Pittsburgh 19, Pennsylvania

H. I. Porter Company, Incorporated

1932 Oliver Building

Pittsburgh 22, Pennsylvania

Buffalo Steel Division

H. K. Porter Company, Incorporated

Fillmore Avenue

Tonawanda, New York

Joslyn Manufacturing & Supply Company

20 N. Wacker Drive

Chicago 6, Illinois

Joslyn Pacific Company

5100 District Boulevard

Los Angeles 11, California

Latrobe Electric Steel Company

Latrobe, Pennsylvania

E. J. Lavino & Company

1528 Walnut Street

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Lukens Steel Company

S. First Avenue

Coatesville Pennsylvania

McLouth Steel Corporation

300 S. Livernois

Detroit 17, Michigan

Newport Steel Corporation

Ninth and Lowell Streets

Newport, Kentucky

Northwest Steel Rolling Mills, Incorporated

4315 9th Street N.W.

Seattle, Washington

Northwestern Steel & Wire Company

Sterling, Illinois

Reeves Steel Manufacturing Company

137 Iron Avenue

Dover, Ohio

John A. Roebling's Sons Company

640 South Broad Street

Trenton, New Jersey

Rotary Electric Steel Company

Box 90

Detroit 20, Michigan

Sheffield Steel Corporation

Sheffield Station

Kansas City 3, Missouri

Shenango-Penn Mold Company

812 Oliver Building

Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania

Shenango Furnace Company

812 Oliver Building

Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania

Stanley Works

195 Lake Street

New Britain Connecticut

Universal Cyclops Steel Corporation

Station Street

Bridgeville, Pennsylvania

Vanadium-Alloys Steel Company

Latrobe, Pennsylvania

Vulcan Crucible Steel Company

1 Main Street

Aliquippa, Pennsylvania

Wheeling Steel Corporation

1134 Market Street

Wheeling, West Virginia

Woodward Iron Company

Woodward, Alabama

Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corporation

Oliver Building

Pittsburgh 22, Pennsylvania

Bethlehem Steel Company

701 East 3rd Street

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

Bethlehem Pacific Coast Steel Corporation

20th & Illinois Streets

San Francisco, California

Bethlehem Supply Company of California

Los Angeles, California

Bethlehem Supply Company

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Buffalo Tank Corporation

Lackawanna, New York

Charlotte, North Carolina

Dunellen, New Jersey

Dundalk Company

Sparrows Point, Maryland

A. M. Byers Company

717 Liberty Avenue

Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania

Colorado Fuel & Iron Corporation

575 Madison Avenue

New York 22, New York

Claymont Steel Corporation

Claymont, Delaware

Crucible Steel Company

Oliver Building

Pittsburgh 22 Pennsylvania

Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation

Third Avenue and Ross Street

Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania

J. & L. Steel Barrel Company

3711 Sepviva Street

Philadelphia 37, Pennsylvania

National Supply Company

1400 Grant Building

Pittsburgh 30, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh Steel Company

1600 Grant Building

Pittsburgh 19, Pennsylvania

Johnson Steel & Wire Company, Incorporated

53 Wiser Avenue

Worcester 1, Massachusetts

Republic Steel Corporation

Republic Building

Cleveland 1, Ohio

Truscon Steel Company

1315 Albert Street

Youngstown, Ohio

Rheem Manufacturing Company

Russ Building

San Francisco 4, California

Sharon Steel Corporation

S. Irvine Avenue

Sharon, Pennsylvania

Valley Mould & Iron Corporation

Hubbard, Ohio

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company

44 Central Square

Youngstown 1, Ohio

Emsco Derrick & Equipment Company

6811 S. Alameda Street

Los Angeles 1, California



April 8, 1952

Harry S Truman, Executive Order 10340—Directing the Secretary of Commerce to Take Possession of and Operate the Plants and Facilities of Certain Steel Companies Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/278590

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