Address to the Nation on Gun Violence
On Memorial Day this past Monday, Jill and I visited Arlington National Cemetery. As we entered those hallowed grounds, we saw rows and rows of crosses among the rows of headstones, with other emblems of belief, honoring those who paid the ultimate price on battlefields around the world.
The day before, we visited Uvalde—Uvalde, Texas. In front of Robb Elementary School, we stood before 21 crosses for 19 third and fourth graders and two teachers. On each cross, a name. And nearby, a photo of each victim that Jill and I reached out to touch. Innocent victims, murdered in a classroom that had been turned into a killing field.
Standing there in that small town, like so many other communities across America, I couldn't help but think there are too many other schools, too many other everyday places that have become killing fields, battlefields here in America.
We stood at such a place just 12 days before, across from a grocery store in Buffalo, New York, memorializing 10 fellow Americans—a spouse, a parent, a grandparent, a sibling—gone forever.
At both places, we spent hours with hundreds of family members who were broken and whose lives will never be the same. They had one message for all of us: Do something. Just do something. For God's sake, do something.
After Columbine, after Sandy Hook, after Charleston, after Orlando, after Las Vegas, after Parkland, nothing has been done. This time, that can't be true. This time, we must actually do something.
The issue we face is one of conscience and common sense. For so many of you at home, I want to be very clear: This is not about taking away anyone's guns. It's about—not about vilifying gum—gun owners. In fact, we believe we should be treating responsible gun owners as an example of how every gun owner should behave. I respect the culture and the tradition and the concerns of lawful gun owners.
At the same time, the Second Amendment, like all other rights, is not absolute. It was Justice Scalia who wrote, and I quote, "Like most rights," the right—Second Amendment, by the—the rights granted by the Second Amendment are "not unlimited." Not unlimited. It never has been.
There have always been limitations on what weapons you can own in America. For example, machineguns have been federally regulated for nearly 90 years. And this is still a free country.
This isn't about taking away anyone's rights. It's about protecting children. It's about protecting families. It's about protecting whole communities. It's about protecting our freedoms to go to school, to a grocery store, and to a church without being shot and killed.
According to new data just released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, guns are the number-one killer of children in the United States of America. The number-one killer. More than car accidents. More than cancer.
Over the last two decades, more school-aged children have died from guns than on-duty police officers and Active Duty military combined. Think about that: more kids than on-duty cops killed by guns, more kids than soldiers killed by guns.
For God's sake, how much more carnage are we willing to accept? How many more innocent American lives must be taken before we say, "Enough"? Enough.
I know that we can't prevent every tragedy. But here's what I believe we have to do. Here's what the overwhelming majority of the American people believe we must do. Here's what the families in Buffalo and Uvalde, in Texas, told us we must do.
We need to ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines. And if we can't ban assault weapons, then we should raise the age to purchase them from 18 to 21. Strengthen background checks. Enact safe storage law and "red flag" laws. Repeal the immunity that protects gun manufacturers from liability. Address the mental health crisis deepening the trauma of gun violence and as a consequence of that violence.
These are rational, commonsense measures. And here's what it all means. It all means this: We should reinstate the assault weapons ban and high-capacity magazines that we passed in 1994 with bipartisan support in Congress and the support of law enforcement. Nine categories of semiautomatic weapons were included in that ban, like AK-47s and AR-15s.
And in the 10 years it was law, mass shootings went down. But after Republicans let the law expire in 2004 and those weapons were allowed to be sold again, mass shootings tripled. Those are the facts.
A few years ago, the family of the inventor of the AR-15 said he would have been horrified to know that its design was being used to slaughter children and other innocent lives instead of being used as a military weapon on the battlefields, as it was designed—that's what it was designed for.
We should limit how many rounds a weapon can hold. Why in God's name should an ordinary citizen be able to purchase an assault weapon that holds 30-round magazines that let mass shooters fire hundreds of bullets in a matter of minutes?
The damage was so devastating in Uvalde, parents had to do DNA swabs to identify the remains of their children, 9- and 10-year-old children.
We should expand background checks to be—keep guns out of the hands of felons, fugitives, and those under restraining orders. Stronger background checks are something that the vast majority of Americans, including the majority of gun owners, agree on.
I also believe we should have safe storage laws and personal liability for not locking up your gun. The shooter in Sandy Hook came from a home full of guns that were too easy to access. That's how he got the weapons, the weapon he used to kill his mother and then murder 26 people, including 20 first graders.
If you own a weapon, you have a responsibility to secure it—every responsible gun owner agrees—to make sure no one else can have access to it, to lock it up, to have trigger locks. And if you don't and something bad happens, you should be held responsible.
We should also have national "red flag" laws so that a parent, a teacher, a counselor can flag for a court that a child, a student, a patient is exhibiting violent tendencies, threatening classmates, or experiencing suicidal thoughts that makes them a danger to themselves or to others. Nineteen States and the District of Columbia have "red flag" laws. The Delaware law is named after my son, Attorney General Beau Biden.
Fort Hood, Texas, 2009: 13 dead and more than 30 injured. Marjorie Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, 2018: 17 dead, 17 injured. In both places, countless others suffering with invisible wounds. "Red flag" laws could have stopped both these shooters.
In Uvalde, the shooter was 17 when he asked his sister to buy him an assault weapon, knowing he'd be denied because he was too young to purchase one himself. She refused. But as soon as he turned 18, he purchased two assault weapons for himself. Because in Texas, you can be 18 years old and buy an assault weapon even though you can't buy a pistol in Texas until you're 21.
If we can't ban assault weapons, as we should, we must at least raise the age to be able to purchase one to 21. Look, I know some folks will say, "Eighteen-year-olds can serve in the military and fire those weapons." But that's with training and supervision by the best trained experts in the world. Don't tell me raising the age won't make a difference.
We should repeal the liability shield that often protects gun manufacturers from being sued for the death and destruction caused by their weapons. They're the only industry in this country that has that kind of immunity.
Imagine—imagine—if the tobacco industry had been immune from being sued, where we'd be today. The gun industry's special protections are outrageous. It must end.
And let there be no mistake about the psychological trauma that gun violence leaves behind. Imagine being that little girl, that brave little girl in Uvalde—who smeared blood off her murdered friend's body onto her own face to lie still among the corpses in her classroom and pretend she was dead in order to stay alive. Imagine—imagine—what it would it be like for her to walk down the hallway of any school again.
Imagine what it's like for children who experience this kind of trauma every day in school, in the streets, in communities all across America. Imagine what it's like for so many parents to hug their children goodbye in the morning, not sure whether they'll come back home. Unfortunately, too many people don't have to imagine that at all.
Even before the pandemic, young people were already hurting. There's a serious youth mental health crisis in this country, and we have to do something about it. That's why mental health is at the heart of my unity agenda that I laid out in the State of the Union Address this year.
We must provide more school counselors, more school nurses, more mental health services for students and for teachers, more people volunteering as mentors to help young people succeed, more privacy protection and resources to keep kids safe from the harms of social media. This unity agenda won't fully heal the wounded souls, but it will help. It matters.
I just told you what I'd do. The question now is: What will the Congress do?
The House of Representatives has already passed key measures we need. Expanding background checks to cover nearly all gun sales, including at gun shows and online sales. Getting rid of the loophole that allows a gun sale to go through after 3 business days even if the background check has not been completed.
And the House is planning even more action next week: safe storage requirements; the banning of high-capacity magazines; raising the age to buy an assault weapon to 21; Federal "red flag" law; codifying my ban on ghost guns that don't have serial numbers and can't be traced; and tougher laws to prevent gun trafficking and straw purchases.
This time, we have to take the time to do something. And this time, it's time for the Senate to do something. But, as we know, in order to do any—get anything done in the Senate, we need a minimum of 10 Republican Senators.
I support the bipartisan efforts that include a small group of Democrats and Republican Senators trying to find a way. But my God, the fact that the majority of the Senate Republicans don't want any of these proposals even to be debated or come up for a vote, I find unconscionable.
We can't fail the American people again.
Since Uvalde, just over a week ago, there have been 20 other mass shootings in America, each with 4 or more people killed or injured, including yesterday at a hospital in Tulsa, Oklahoma. A shooter deliberately targeted a surgeon using an assault weapon he bought just a few hours before his rampage that left the surgeon, another doctor, a receptionist, and a patient dead, and many more injured.
That doesn't count the carnage we see every single day that doesn't make the headlines.
I've been in this fight for a long time. I know how hard it is, but I'll never give up. And if Congress fails, I believe this time a majority of the American people won't give up either. I believe the majority of you will act to turn your outrage into making this issue central to your vote.
Enough. Enough. Enough.
Over the next 17 days, the families in Uvalde will continue burying their dead. It will take that long in part because it's a town where everyone knows everyone, and day by day, they will honor each one they lost. Jill and I met with the owner and staff of the funeral home that is being strong—strong, strong, strong—to take care of their own. And the people of Uvalde mourn. As they do over the next 17 days, what will we be doing as a nation?
Jill and I met with the sister of the teacher who was murdered and whose husband died of a heart attack 2 days later, leaving behind four beautiful, orphaned children—and all now orphaned. The sister asked us: What could she say? What could she tell her nieces and nephews? It was one of the most heartbreaking moments that I can remember. All I could think to say was—I told her to hold them tight. Hold them tight.
After visiting the school, we attended Mass at Sacred Heart Catholic Church with Father Eddie. In the pews, families and friends held each other tightly. As Archbishop Gustavo spoke, he asked the children in attendance to come up on the altar and sit in the altar with him as he spoke.
There wasn't enough room, so a mom and her young son sat next to Jill and me in the first pew. And as we left the church, a grandmother who had just lost her granddaughter passed me a handwritten letter.
It read, quote: "Erase the invisible line that is dividing our Nation. Come up with a solution and fix what's broken and make the changes that are necessary to prevent this from happening again." End of quote.
My fellow Americans, enough. Enough. It's time for each of us to do our part. It's time to act. For the children we've lost, for the children we can save, for the Nation we love, let's hear the call and the cry. Let's meet the moment. Let us finally do something.
God bless the families who are hurting. God bless you all. From a hymn based on the 91st Psalm sung in my church:
May He raise you up on eagle's wings
and bear you on the breath of dawn
make you to shine like the sun
and hold you in the palm of His hand.
That's my prayer for all of you. God bless you.
NOTE: The President spoke at 7:32 p.m. in the Cross Hall. In his remarks, he referred to Nidal M. Hasan, gunman convicted in the shooting at Fort Hood, TX, on November 5, 2009, currently awaiting execution at Fort Leavenworth, KS; Nikolas J. Cruz, who pleaded guilty on October 20, 2021, to the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, FL, on February 14, 2018; Miah Cerrillo, a fourth-grade student who survived the shooting at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, TX, on May 24; Michael Louis, suspected gunman in the shooting at the Saint Francis Hospital campus in Tulsa, OK, on June 1; physicians Preston Phillips and Stephanie Husen, receptionist Amanda Glenn, and patient William Love, who were killed in the shooting in Tulsa; Cristian, Jose, Lyliana, and Alysandra Garcia, children of Irma Garcia, a teacher at Robb Elementary School who was killed in the May 24 shooting, and her husband Joe, who died on May 26; Eduardo Morales, pastor, Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Uvalde, TX; and Archbishop Gustavo García-Siller of San Antonio, TX.
APP NOTE: The title of these remarks in the Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents is "Remarks on Gun Violence". The APP categorizes this as a "major address to the nation" because it was delivered during prime time, televised on major networks, and featured other stylistic elements of a major address such as the president walking down the red carpeted Cross Hall as he approached the lectern.
Joseph R. Biden, Address to the Nation on Gun Violence Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/356287