|The American Presidency Project|
|• Harry S. Truman|
|Executive Order 9548—Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to Take Possesion of and to Operate Certain Coal Mines|
|May 3, 1945|
|Whereas after the investigation I find and proclaim that there are interruptions or threatened interruptions in the operation of the mines producing anthracite as a result of existing labor disturbances; that the coal produced by such mines is required for the war effort; that the war effort will be unduly impeded or delayed by such interruptions; and that the exercise, as hereinafter specified, of the powers vested in me is necessary to insure, in the interest of the war effort, the operation of such mines:
Now, therefore, by virtue of the power and authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, including section 9 of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 892) as amended by the War Labor Disputes Act (57 Stat. 163), as President of the United States and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:
1. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized and directed to take possession of any and all suck mines, and, to the extent that he may deem necessary, of any real or personal property, franchises, rights, facilities, funds, and other assets used in connection with the operation of such mines; to operate or to arrange for the operation of such mines in such a manner as he may deem necessary for the successful prosecution of the war; and to do all things necessary for, or incidental to, the production, sale and distribution of the coal produced, prepared, or handled by the said mines.
2. The Secretary of the Interior shall operate the said mines in accordance with the terms and conditions of the employment which are in effect at the time of possession thereof is taken, subject to the provisions of section 5 of the War and Labor Disputes Act.
3. Subject to the national wage and price stabilization policies as determined by the National War Labor Board and the Economic Stabilization Director, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, pursuant to the provisions of section 5 of the War Labor Disputes Act, following such negotiations as he may deem necessary with the duly constituted representatives of the employees, to apply to the National War Labor Board for appropriate changes in the terms and conditions of employment for the period of the operation of the minds by the Government.
4. In carrying out this order, the Secretary of the Interior shall act through or with the aid of such public or private instrumentalities or persons as he may designate. All Federal agencies, including but not limited to, the War Manpower Commission, the National Selective Service System, and the Department of Justice, are directed to cooperate with the Secretary of the Interior to the fullest extent possible in carrying out the purposes of this order.
5. The Secretary of the Interior shall make employment available and provide protection to all employees working at such mines and to all persons seeking such employment so far as they may be needed; and upon the request of the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of War shall take such action, if any, as he may deem necessary or desirable to provide protection to all such persons and mines.
6. The Secretary of the Interior shall permit the managements of the mines taken under the provisions of this order to continue with their managerial functions to the maximum degree possible consistent with the aims of this order.
7. Possession of any mine or mines taken under this order shall be terminated by the Secretary of the Interior as soon as he determines that such possession is no longer required for the successful prosecution of the war, but in no event more than sixty days after the restoration of the productive efficiency of any such mine or mines prevailing prior to the taking of possession thereof.
HARRY S TRUMAN
|Citation: Harry S. Truman: "Executive Order 9548—Authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to Take Possesion of and to Operate Certain Coal Mines", May 3, 1945. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=77851.|
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