Winter 2010 Course Schedule
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Political Science 157

Class Schedule and Readings

There will be updates to this schedule throughout the quarter. The updates will usually be noted at the bottom of this page to assist you in identifying what has changed. Significant modifications will also be noted in the class forum. Updates will include links to contemporary commentary and video and to sources used or discussed in class.

(r) denotes RECOMMENDED
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Week 1

January 5. Introduction and overview 

Individual Presidents, Institutions, and a Changing Economic, Technological, and Political Context; Agency vs. Choice;  Public Expectations.   Thinking about when individual presidents matter and why. Counterfactual reasoning. Historical analogies.

Waterman, Intro and Chapter 1
(r)Counterfactuals:
(r) Tetlock and Belkin, "Counterfactual Thought Experiments in World Politics" from Tetlock and Belkin, eds, Counterfactual thought Experiments in World Politics. [pdf online]
(r) Chwieroth, "Counterfactuals and the Study of the American Presidency," PSQ 2002 [pdf online]
(r) Lebow, "What's So Different About a Counterfactual?" World Politics 2000 [pdf online]

Powerpoint slides for 1/5/10

January 7.  Institutions of the “Domestic Presidency” 

Different meanings of "institutions." You are the President. What can you do? What must you do? What must you not do? Where they came from; Why and how they change; How we study them. Read the Constitution before class!!! There will be a quiz on the Constitution IN SECTION.

Waterman, Chapter 4
The US Constitution
Kelley and Barrileaux, “Unitary Executive” APSA Paper excerpts 2007 [pdf online]

Skim the following:
Federalist 69, "The Real Character of the Executive" ( Hamilton ) [pdf online]
Federalist 70, "The Executive Department Further Considered" ( Hamilton ) [pdf online]
Federalist 71, "The Duration in Office of the Executive" ( Hamilton ) [pdf online]
Federalist 72, "The Same Subject Continued and Re-Eligibility of the Executive Considered" ( Hamilton ) [pdf online]
Federalist 73, "The Provision for the Support of the Executive and the Veto Power" ( Hamilton ) [pdf online]
(r) The entire Federalist papers online via the Library of Congress.
(r) Scigliano, "The President's 'Prerogative Power,'" in Cronin, ed., Inventing the American Presidency , 236-256. [pdf online]
(r) Locke, "On Prerogative" from Second Treatise on Civil Government [pdf online]
Sample Constitution Quiz

Federalist 49 [quoted by Kelley and Barrileaux; it's worth seeing the entire passage in context]

Powerpoint slides for 1/7/10

Week 2

January 12. Institutions of the “Foreign Policy” Presidency

Waterman, Chapter 5
Kassop and Pious from DEBATING
Yoo and Fisher from DEBATING

Yoo, "President's Constitutional Authority to Conduct Military Operations Against Terrorsits and Nations Supporting Them." 2001 [pdf online]

Powerpoint from 12-January-2010.

Check out Yoo's Interview by Jon Stewart

January 14.Individuals When do individual characteristics matter? What do we need to know? 

Waterman, Chapter 3
Greenstein, Chapter 11 in Rockman and Waterman
Greenstein and Skowronek from DEBATING

(r) "Presidential Greatness" Rankings [new window]
(r)Schlesinger:   Rating the Presidents   [pdf online]
(r)Cohen, PSQ 33 (2003) "Presidential Greatness As Seen in the Mass Public" [pdf online]
A dissenting view on “greatness:”
(r) Eland, Recarving Rushmore, (Independent Institute 2009) selections [pdf online]
(r) Correlation of “greatness” and prior experience: http://www.electoral-vote.com/evp2008/Info/experience.html
(r) Simonton, "Presidential IQ, Openness, Intellectual Brilliance, and Leadership; Estimates and Correlations for 42 U.S. Chief Executives," Political Psychology 27 (August 2006)" 511-526. [pdf online]
(r) Brookhiser, "The Mind of George W. Bush" Atlantic Monthly April 2003, 55-70   [html online]
(r)Neustadt “The Power to Persuade” from Presidential Power chapter 3.   [ pdf online]
(r)Greenstein, "George W. Bush and the Politics of Agenda Control" from The Presidential Difference [pdf online]
(r) PBS Frontline, "The Choice 2000" Excellent Video on GWBush and Al Gore!
(r) PBS Frontline "The Choice 2004" Video on GW Bush and John Kerry.
(r) PBS Frontline, "The Jesus Factor," On the role of religion in GW Bush's life.
(r) PBS Frontline, "The Choice 2008," Video on Obama and McCain
(r)James Fallows "When George Meets John," The Atlantic [opens new window; fascinating analysis of the effectiveness of Bush's debate style]
(r)Wayne, "The Influence of Personality on George W. Bush's Decisions to Go to War," From Readings in Presidential Politics [pdf online]

Powerpoint for 14 January 2010


Week 3.

January 19.  Who is Obama? What do we know about him and what do we need to know?

Greenstein, “Obama” from The Presidential Difference 3rd (Princeton UP) [pdf online]
Mendell, Obama from Promise to Power chapters 4-8 (pp 50-107)
Mendell chapter 4
Mendell chapter 5
Mendell chapter 6
Mendell chapter 7
Mendell chapter 8
(r) Mendell balance of book
(r) Renshon, "Psychological Reflections on Barack Obama and John McCain" Political Science Quarterly 123 (Fall 2008): 391-433. [pdf online]
(r) Rucker, "A Familiar Precedent for a President-Elect," Washington Post , November 19, 2008 [pdf online]
(r) Pinsker, "Lincoln and the Myth of 'Team of Rivals'" Los Angeles Times , November 18, 2008 [pdf online]
(r) McPherson, "'Team of Rivals': Friends of Abe" New York Times , November 6, 2005 [pdf online]
(r) Obama, "What I see in Lincoln 's Eyes," Time 6-26-2006 [pdf online]
(r) Obama, from Audacity of Hope pp 113-117, 143-149 [pdf online]
(r)Bromwich, "A Republic Divided" Daedalus , Spring 2006, 5-10 [pdf online]

Powerpoint for 19 January 2010 [pdf online]

January 21.  Strategies and Contexts I:
Economic Change and Public Expectations

Waterman, Chapter 2
Ellis, Presidential Travel:  The Journey [pdf online]
(r) Mayhew, "Wars and American Politics," Perspectives on Politics 3 (September 2005): 473-493. [pdf online]

(r) Excellent NYT Magazine article on Obama and War on Terror (1/17/2010) [pdf online]

Powerpoint for 21 January 2010 [pdf online]

Week 4

January 26.  Strategies and Context II: 
Elections and Mandates

Waterman Chapter 6
Loomis and Shafer in DEBATES

Powerpoint for January 26 [pdf online]

January 28:  Strategies and Contexts III
The Media and the Public 

Waterman, Chapter 7, Chapter 8 sections 7-15 and conclusion
Edwards chapter 6 in Rockman and Waterman (esp. pp 153-166)
Cohen, chapter 7 in Rockman and Waterman
(r) Beckman and Godfrey, “The Policy Opportunities in Presidential Honeymoons,” Political Research Quarterly June 2007 [pdf online]

Powerpoint for January 28 [pdf online]

Week 5.

February 2:  Strategies and Contexts IV: 
Political Parties:

Waterman, 8-1 through 8-6
Milkis “The Presidency and Political Parties,” from Nelson, Presidency and the Political System (CQ 2010) [pdf online]
(r) Skowronek, “Structure and Action,” Chapter 3 from The Politics Presidents Make Harvard1997 (pp 33-58.) [pdf online]
(r) Skowronek, " Leadership by Definition: First Term Reflections on George W. Bush's Political Stance" Perspectives on Politics 3 (December 2005): 817-831. [pdf online]

Powerpoint from 2/3/10 class. [pdf online]

 

MIDTERM EXAM GUIDANCE, REVIEW SHEETS

Useful to note while studying: Waterman online has a "search" feature. It's one of the tabs at the top of the page.


February 4:  MIDTERM EXAM IN CLASS  (Anticipate a take-home essay to be assigned in class this week. NOTE: SYLLABUS SPECIFIES THAT IN-CLASS PART OF EXAM IS WEIGHTED .25, TAKEHOME .10)

Week 6

February 9-11. Organizing to Govern

Waterman chapter 12, 14
Lewis, Chapter 10 in Rockman and Waterman

Powerpoint from February 9 class. [pdf online]

Powerepoint from February 11 class. [pdf online]

(r) EXCELLENT article from Financial Times arguing that Obama has "staff problems." [pdf online]

(r) Another excellent article, this in 3/8/10 New York Times Magazine on Rahm Emanuel exploring the question of whether Obama's current problems are "staff problems." [pdf online]

Week 7

February 16- 18  Leadership of Congress

Waterman, chapter 9
Cameron and Park, Chapter 3 in Rockman and Waterman eds,
Shane and Lund in DEBATES
Hetherington and Ellis in DEBATES

Feb. 16. Prof. Matthew Shugart of UCSD speaks on "Presidents, Parties, and Executive-Legislative Relations" from his forthcoming comparative politics book Presidents, Parties and Prime Ministers. 12:30p Ellison Hall 3824 (Lane Room)

Powerpoint for February 16 [pdf online]

Powerpoint for February 18 [pdf online]

Week 8

February 23. Leadership of the Courts

Waterman, chapter 10
Maltzman, chapter 9 in Rockman and Waterman eds.
Yalof and Maltese in DEBATES

Powerpoint for 2-23-10 [pdf online]

February 25. Leadership of the Bureaucracy

Waterman, chapter 11
Howell and Kriner chapter 5 in Rockman and Waterman, eds

Karl Rove, Campbell Hall 7:30 pm. [Campbell opens at 6:30; security will be tight. Please plan to attend this talk]

(r) On Rove: See this article by Suskind [pdf online]
(r) And the Frontline show The Architect [link here]

On Obama, his personal style and skill and the health care reform debate see
(r) Drew "Is there life in Health Care Reform?" NY Review 3-11-10 [pdf online]
(r) Stolberg, "Gentle White House Nudges Test the Power of Persuasion," NYT 2-23-10 [pdf online]

Powerpoint for 2-25-10 [pdf online]

Week 9

March 2  The Cabinet and Policy-Making

Waterman, chapter 13
Possible addition TBA.

Powerpoint for 3/2/2010 [pdf online]

March 4  The Evolving Role of the Vice President

Waterman Chapter 15
Traub, “After Cheney,” New York Times Magazine, November 29, 2009 [pdf online]
Kriner and Goldstein in DEBATES

(r)PBS Frontline Show Cheney's Law

Powerpoint for 3/4/2010 [pdf online]

Week 10

March 9  The Evolving Role of the First Lady

--Heldman, “Cultural Barriers to a Female President in the United States,” from Han and Heldman eds., Rethinking Madam President (Lynne Rienner 2007) [pdf online]
--Stooksbury and Edgemon, “The First Lady Scholarship Reconsidered:  A Review Essay,” Women and Politics 2003 [pdf online]
--Collins, “Michelle Obama and the Politics of Candor,” New Yorker March 10, 2008. [pdf online]

Powerpoint for 3-9-10 [pdf online]

Final Exam Takehome Portion, Due Monday March 15.

March 11  Wrapping up, Looking Ahead

Waterman 16-17
Rockman and Waterman, “Two Normative Models,” from Rockman and Waterman eds. Chapter 14

Powerpoint for 3-11-10 [pdf online]

Expanded office hours: T 3/16 3:00-5:00; TH 3/18 3:00-5:00

FINAL EXAM: FRIDAY MARCH 19, 4:00p - 7:00p  
Anticipate a take-home final exam question to be distributed in advance.

 
 

OTHER READINGS AVAILABLE ONLINE

General

Chwieroth, "Counterfactuals and the Study of the American Presidency" Presidential Studies Quarterly March 2002 [pdf online]

Federalist Papers Online (especially read:  Federalist #51)

Lebow, "What's So Different About a Counterfactual?" World Politics 2000, pp: 550-558, 574-585. [pdf online NOTE: Entire article is online ]

Moe. Terry, “Presidents, Institutions and Theory," in Edwards et al, Researching the Presidency 1993 pp. 337-347, 352-362 [ pdf online   ] (balance of this article recommended)

Skowronek, Stephen, “Presidential Leadership in Political Time”   from Nelson, ed., The Presidency and the Political System   [pdf online]  

Whittington and Carpenter, "Executive Power in American Institutional Development," Perspectives on Politics September 2003   [pdf online]

Wood, "Democracy and the Constitution" from How Democratic is the Constitution Goldwin and Schambra eds 1980 [pdf online]

Woolley, " Drawing Lines or Defining Variables,"  [pdf online]

Frich, "The Significance of the Pacificus-Helvidius Debates: Toward the Completion of the American Founding" http://oll.libertyfund.org/title/1910/112536 [pdf online]

Phelps, "George Washington Precedent Setter," in Cronin, ed, Inventing the American Presidency . Chapter 10 [pdf online ]

Greenstein “Toward a Modern Presidency” in Pfiffner and Davidson, Understanding the Presidency [pdf online]

Healy, "Progress and the Presidency" from The Cult of the Presidency chapter 2 (Cato Institute): 49-77) [pdf online]

Dodds and Rozell, “The Press and the Presidency:  Then and Now,” from Henderson, ed., The Presidency:  Then and Now pp 139-160. [pdf online

Taft, Strict Constructionist View [pdf online]

Lincoln

Gienapp, “Abraham Lincoln and Presidential Leadership,” from McPherson, ed., We Cannot Escape History:  Lincoln and the Last Best Hope of Earth, pp 63-85 [pdf online]
Materials cited in the textbook:
Cornell page on contemporary reaction to Gettysburg Address

April 19, 1861 Proclamation
April 27, 1861 Executive Order Suspending Habeas Corpus
May 3, 1861 Proclamation
Julyl 4, 1861 Message to Special Session of Congress
September 24, 1862 Proclamation
January 1, 1863, Emancipation Proclamation
November 9, 1863, Gettysburg Address
March 4, 1865, Second Inaugural Address
Ex Parte Milligan (Supreme Court Decision 1866)
Bromwich, "How Lincoln Won," New York Review of Books, October 19, 2006 [pdf online]
Bromwich, "Lincoln at War," New York Review of Books, November 2, 2006 [pdf online]
 

Presidents and the Public; Rhetoric

Clark, T.N., "The Presidency and the New Political Culture," American Behavioral Scientist December 2002 [pdf online]

Jacobs and Burns, "The Second Face of the Public Presidency," Presidential Studies Quarterly September 2004. [pdf online]

Jacobson, "Partisan Polarization in Presidential Support," from Edwards, ed., Readings in Presidential Politics [pdf online]

Kernell “The Truman Doctrine Speech,”   Social Science History   Fall 1976 [pdf online]   

Langston, " America the Redeemer," With Reverence and Contempt: How Americans Think about Their President Johns Hopkins 1995 [pdf online]

Lim, "Five Trends in Presidential Rhetoric:   An Analysis of Rhetoric from George Washington to Bill Clinton,"   Presidential Studies Quarterly June 2002.   [pdf online]

Martin Medhurst, "Text and Context in the 1952 Presidential Campaign:   Eisenhower's "I Shall Go to Korea " Speech.   Presidential Studies Quarterly September 2000.[pdf online]

Truman Doctrine Speech

Wilson's Precedent-Setting 1913 Speech
NYT Coverage of Wilson's Speech

Presidential Elections

Abramson et al, “Progressive Ambition,” Journal of Politics February 1987, [pdf ONLINE]

Aldrich Before the Convention chapter 1, chapter 4, chapter 5

Bryce , “Why Great Men are Not Chosen President,”   From The American Commonwealth [html online]

Dahl, "Myth of the Mandate" Political Science Quarterly Autumn 1990   [pdf online]

Election TV Advertisement Historical Collection

Erikson, Robert, “The 2000 Presidential Election in Historical Perspective,”   Political Science Quarterly 2001 #1 [pdf online]

Gregg, Three-Part Defense of the Electoral College [here], [here], and [here]

Gurian and Haynes, "Presidential Nomination Campaigns: Toward 2005," PS: Political Science and Politics April 2003 [pdf online]

Hillygus and Shields, "Moral Issues and Voter Decision-Making in the 2004 Presidential Election, PS: Political Science and Politics April 2005. [pdf online]

Mann, "An Agenda for Election Reform," Brookings Policy Brief #82, June 2001 [pdf online]

Noah, " America 's Worst College," Slate [online] ; " America 's Worst College Part 3, " September 2004 [online] ; " America 's Worst College Part 4" October 2004 [online]

Retrospective on 2004 Election Forecasts in PS: Political Science and Politics January 2005 [online--this link works only on campus! ]

The Best Electoral College Website: http://www.electoral-vote.com/

Data on Campaign Finance and contributions from Open Secrets.Com

Official vote totals and electoral college results

President and Congress

Bond, Fleisher and Krutz, “An Overview of the Empirical Findings on Presidential-Congressional Relations,” from Thurber, ed, Rivals for Power  CQ Press, 1996.   [pdf online

Clinton, et al., "The Most LIberal Senator?" PS Political Science and Politics October 2004. [pdf file]

Cohen, "The Impact of the Modern Presidency on Presidential Success in the U.S. Congress,"   Legislative Studies Quarterly November 1982. [pdf online]

Data for the 107 Congress, Senate from Keith Poole's Data Bank showing Kerry is about 16th most liberal.  Get more data from Keith right HERE.

Fisher, "A Dose of Law and Realism for Presidential Studies," Presidential Studies Quarterly Dec 2002 [pdf online]

Gregg, “Whiggism and Presidentialism:  American Ambivalence toward Executive Power,” from Henderson, ed., The Presidency:  Then and Now pp.69-94

Wikipedia Article on "Signing Statements" with some useful links

Spitzer, “Is the Separation of Powers Obsolete?  The Congressional-Presidential Balance of Power,” from Pfiffner and Davidson, eds., Understanding the Presidency, 313-327 [pdf online]

Presidents and the Media

Cohen and Nice, “The Evolution of Presidential-News Media Relations” from The Presidency pp 178-195   [ pdf online]

FDR's First Inaugural Address (click on link partway down the page on the right)

The White House and Executive Office of the President/Advisors

Burke, “From President to Presidency,” in The Institutional Presidency 2 nd edition, Johns Hopkins Press, 2000, chapter 1.   [pdf online] 

Dilulio, "A View from Within," from Greenstein, ed, The George W. Bush Presidency. [pdf online]

Hult, "The Bush White House in Comparative Perspective," from Greenstein, ed., The George W. Bush Presidency pp 51-77 [pdf online]

Kernell, Sam, “The Evolution of the White House Staff,” from Pfiffner, ed., The Managerial Presidency   Brooks Cole 1991.   [pdf online]

Perry, Steve, "Karl Rove's Moment" from bushwarsblog.com. [html online]

Pfiffner, "Can the President Manage the Government?" from Pfiffner and Davidson, Understanding the Presidency [online]

Ragsdale and Theis, "The Institutionalization of the American Presidency, 1924-92" American Journal of Political Science pp. 1280-1287. [pdf online]

Suskind "Why are These Men Laughing?" Esquire   January 2003 [html online]

Suskind, "Without a Doubt" NYT Magazine 10/17/04

The 9/11 Commission Staff Summary pp 20-29  [pdf, full section online ]

Presidential Unilateral Powers

Deering and Maltzman, “Politics of Executive Orders” Political Research Quarterly  December 1999   [pdf online]

Howell, "Power without Persuasion," from Edwards, ed., Readings in Presidential Politics, pp109-133 [online].

Pullman Case   (19 pp (Link to Pullman Case)

RR 1984 Signing Statement on Deficit Reduction Act

In re Neagle [links to another site]

Rozell, "FDR and the Prerogative Presidency," from Rozell and Pederson, eds, FDR and the Modern Presidency, pp. 133-146 [pdf online]

Presidents and the Courts

Dudley , "Judicial Control of the Presidency: Stability and change," from Pfiffner and Davidson, Understanding the Presidency [pdf online]

Flemming and Wood, "The Public and the Supreme Court," American Journal of Political Science April 1997 [pdf online]

Mishler and Sheehan, "Supreme Court as Countermajoritiarian Institution," American Political Science Review March 1993 [pdf online]

Segal et al, "Buyer Beware?" Political Research Quarterly, September 2000. [pdf online]

Yates and Whitford, "Presidential Power and the U.S. Supreme Court," Political Research Quarterly June 1998 [pdf online]

Presidents and Public Policy

Mallaby, Sebastian, “The Irrelevant Election”   Foreign Policy Sept-Oct 2000.   [pdf online]

Soros, George:   "The Bubble of American Supremacy"   Atlantic Monthly  December 2003 [html online]

WRITINGS ON WAR POWERS

Adler, "The Constitution and Presidential Warmaking," Pol Sci Quarterly, Spr 1988, pp 29-36. [link]

"Standards of Conduct for Interrogation under 18 U.S.C. 2340-2340A. 2002

"Authorization for Use of Military Force," Public Law 107-40 (Sept. 18, 2001) [link online]

Blanton, "The President's Daily Brief " [link online only] f

(Department of Justice "Terror Memo"; subsequently withdrawn. ), pp. 1-2, (intro) and pp. 31-39 (Commander-in-chief powers) skim remainder as interested[pdf download]

Fisher, "The Korean War: On What Legal Basis did Truman Act?" Am. Jnl of Intl Law Jan. 1995.

Fisher and Adler, "The War Powers Resolution: Time to Say Goodbye," Pol Sci Quarterly Spr 1998 [link online]

Prakash and Ramsey, "The Executive Power over Foreign Affairs," Yale Law Journal Nov 2001 [link online]

Yoo 2001 memo on President's War Powers. [online link]

Yoo, "War and the Constitutional Text," University of Chicago Law Review 2002, pp 1-4, 32-41 (note the link is to the entire article) [pdf online]

Yoo and Ho, "The Status of Terrorists," Va. Jnl. Intl. Law August 2003 [pdf online] (Yoo was author of administration memos that seemed to justify extraconstitutional processing of "unlawful combatants" and held that they were not covered by the Geneva Conventions--including provisions prohibiting subjecting captives to harsh interrogation techniques.)

The Conflict over National Security Wiretapping

George Washington University National Security Archive Collection
DoJ Letter to Senators Roberts, Hoekstra, Rockefeller, and Harman (Department of Justice memo defending the wiretapping program), December 22, 2005
Law Professors Memo Attacking DOJ Memo, January 9, 2006
"Legal Authorities Supporting the Activities of the National Security Agency Described by the President," DoJ more detailed memo defending the wiretapping program, January 19, 2006
Law Professors Rebuttal to DOJ detailed memo, February 2, 2006

Some of the key court cases:

The Prize Cases, 67 US 635 (1862)

United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp., 299 U.S. 304 (1936)

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer 343 U.S. 579 (1952) (there were 7 separate opinions on this case including one dissent.)

Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, 542 U.S. 507 (2004)

Hamdan v. Rumsfeld 000 U.S. 05-184 (2006)