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The Papers of
the Presidents

The American Presidency Project is the only online resource that has consolidated, coded, and organized into a single searchable database:
 • The Messages and Papers of the Presidents: Washington - Taft (1789-1913)
 • The Public Papers of the Presidents:
Hoover to G.W. Bush (1929-2007)
& Obama (2010-Book I)

 • The Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents:
Carter - G.W. Bush (1977-2009)

 • The Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents:
Obama (2009-2012)
• Our archives also contain thousands of other documents such as party platforms, candidates' remarks, Statements of Administration Policy, documents released by the Office of the Press Secretary, and election debates:

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State of the Union Addresses
Noteworthy State of the Union Addresses from the APP's complete archive:
"The British Government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa." 
George W. Bush - January 28, 2003
"The era of big Government is over. But we cannot go back to the time when our citizens were left to fend for themselves." 
William J. Clinton - January 23, 1996
"President Washington began this tradition in 1790 after reminding the Nation that the destiny of self-government and the "preservation of the sacred fire of liberty" is "finally staked on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people." For our friends in the press, who place a high premium on accuracy, let me say: I did not actually hear George Washington say that. [Laughter]" 
Ronald Reagan - January 26, 1982
"Today, that freshman Member from Michigan stands where Mr. Truman stood, and I must say to you that the state of the Union is not good: Millions of Americans are out of work..." 
Gerald Ford - January 15, 1975
"I believe the time has come to bring that investigation and the other investigations of this matter to an end. One year of Watergate is enough." 
Richard Nixon - January 30, 1974
"We must spare no effort to raise the general level of health in this country. In a nation as rich as ours, it is a shocking fact that tens of millions lack adequate medical care." 
Harry S. Truman - January 5, 1949
"In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms." 
Franklin D. Roosevelt - January 6, 1941


The Ten Most Viewed Documents
(since 07/01/14)
#1 Ronald Reagan
Proclamation 5219 - National Ice Cream Month and National Ice Cream Day, 1984
#2 John F. Kennedy
Inaugural Address
#3 Abraham Lincoln
First Annual Message
#4 John F. Kennedy
Speech by Senator John F. Kennedy, Zionists of America Convention, Statler Hilton Hotel, New York, NY
#5 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Address at Madison Square Garden, New York City
#6 George W. Bush
Address to the Nation on the Terrorist Attacks
#7 Ronald Reagan
Inaugural Address
#8 John F. Kennedy
Executive Order 10990
#9 Republican Party Platforms
Republican Party Platform of 1956
#10 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Executive Order 9256 Terminating the Electric Home and Farm Authority.


The American Presidency Project (americanpresidency.org), was established in 1999 as a collaboration between John T. Woolley & Gerhard Peters at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Our archives contain 106,559 documents related to the study of the Presidency.
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American Presidency Project State of the Union Data
Length of State of the Union Addresses
State of the Union: Presidential Rhetoric from
Woodrow Wilson to George W. Bush

with an introduction by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley is the first comprehensive reference volume published in over four decades devoted to the president's Annual Message to Congress.

published by CQ Press
State of the Union
George Bush Today in History
24  years  ago
George Bush
Executive Order 12727 - Ordering the Selected Reserve of the Armed Forces to Active Duty
August 22, 1990
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including sections 121 and 673b of title 10 of the United States Code, I hereby determine that it is necessary to augment the active armed forces of the United States for the effective conduct of operational missions in and around the Arabian Peninsula. Further, under the stated authority, I hereby authorize the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when the latter is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy, to order to active duty units and individual members not assigned to units, of the Selected Reserve.

This order is intended only to improve the internal management of the executive branch, and is not intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by a party against the United States, its agencies, its officers, or any person.

This order shall be published in the ...read full document

Election Resources
The Document Archive Contains 106,559 Records
• Executive Orders 5503 • State of the Union Addresses 94
• Proclamations 6724 • State of the Union Messages 138
• Press Conferences 2022 • Inaugural Addresses 57
• Saturday Radio Addresses 1460 • Addresses to Congress (non-SOU) 49
• Fireside Chats (FDR) 27 • Addresses to Nation 247
• Veto Messages 1147 • Addresses to the United Nations 45
• Radio & TV Correspondents Dinners 38 • Addresses to Foreign Legislatures 71
• Party Convention Addresses 33 • College Commencement Addresses 158

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